A rhizomatous perennial herb which is grown in gardens and is naturalised in grassy places, by ditches, on banks and on roadside verges. It also occurs as a relic of cultivation. Lowland.
I. spuria was being cultivated in British gardens by 1573 and it is now commonly grown. It was recorded from the wild in 1836 in S. Lincolnshire, where it has sometimes been considered to be native. Its distribution is similar to that shown in the 1962 Atlas. The colony in Dorset was deliberately destroyed in 1972.
Native of Europe and W. Asia; it has a disjunct distribution made up from the ranges of several rather uncommon subspecies.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1965)
British Red Data Books: 1. Vascular Plants, edn 2,
, Lincoln, (1983)