Pyrola minor

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPyrolaceaePyrolaPyrola minor


A rhizomatous, mycorrhizal, perennial evergreen herb. In S. England it is a plant of damp woodlands with deep litter, on a variety of soils; elsewhere it occurs in damp places in heaths, plantations, disused railways, on rock ledges and in sand dunes. 0-1130 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).



World Distribution

Circumpolar Boreal-montane element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 4

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 2.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 13.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1089

Life form information

Height (cm): 7

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Life Form - secondary


Comment on Life Form

It seems best to classify it mainly as a wintergreen hemicryptophyte



Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 558

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 50

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.55

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (196d)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
Hultén, E., and Fries M.
, Königstein, (1986)

Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols,
Meusel, H., Jäger E., Rauschert S., and Weinert E.
, Jena, (1978)