An annual which is introduced to rubbish tips and waste ground as an impurity of grain and bird-seed. Lowland.
Although cultivated in Britain by 1683, N. paniculata was first recorded in the wild as a casual from grain in 1859. It is now of only rare occurrence, presumably because of improved seed cleaning techniques.
N. paniculata sens. lat. (including N. apiculata) is a Eurosiberian Southern-temperate species which occurs outside its native range as a naturalised or casual plant in Europe, E. Asia, N. America and elsewhere.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Jalas & Suominen (1996)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1965)
Crucifers of Great Britain and Ireland. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 6,
, London, (1991)