Aesculus hippocastanum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaHippocastanaceaeAesculusAesculus hippocastanum


A tree of parkland, large gardens and estates, churchyards, urban streets and village greens; also a constituent of deciduous and mixed woodland. It is sometimes self-sown in scrubby areas, waste ground or rough grassland, and occasionally regenerates in woodland, but is rarely fully naturalised. Generally lowland, but reaching 505 m at Ashgill (Cumberland).



World Distribution

Native of the Balkan peninsula; other species in the family are found in S. & E. Asia and the Americas.

© S. Hammonds

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1014

Life form information

Height (cm): 3200

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2186

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 557

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12

Atlas Change Index: 1.08

Weighted Changed Factor: 38

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (97c)
Bean WJ
1970.  Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, edn 8, I. A-C.
Mabey R
1996.  Flora Britannica.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Mitchell AF
1996.  Alan Mitchell's Trees of Britain.