Antirrhinum majus

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaScrophulariaceaeAntirrhinumAntirrhinum majus


An annual or short-lived perennial herb, widely naturalised on old walls, waysides, pavement cracks, waste ground and rubbish tips. Populations can be long-lived, and the species reproduces readily from seed. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native of the S.W. Europe and the W. Mediterranean region.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 3

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.9

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 837

Life form information

Height (cm): 30

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1043

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 84

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 8

Atlas Change Index: 2.84

Weighted Changed Factor: 71

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (222c)
de Bolòs O, Vigo J
1995.  Flora dels Països Catalans, III. Pirolàcies-Compostes.