An erect annual of open, usually sandy or silty places near the sea, often forming dense stands along saltmarsh drift-lines, estuarine banks and sea-walls, and on waste ground around docks. It also grows in saline areas inland, and as a colonist by salt-treated roads. Lowland.
The coastal distribution of A. littoralis has remained largely unchanged since the 1962 Atlas, but from the early 1980s onwards it spread rapidly along inland roadsides, particularly in E. England.
Circumpolar Temperate element, with a disjunct distribution.
Light (Ellenberg): 9
Moisture (Ellenberg): 6
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 4
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.2
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.4
Annual Precipitation (mm): 822
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1991. Atriplex littoralis by the way. BSBI News. 59:11-12.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1980)
1999. Atriplex littoralis on inland roadsides. BSBI News. 81:36-37.
1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.