A perennial herb of both wet and dry acidic soils found in a wide range of habitats from lowland heaths and Nardus grassland to heather moors, rocky hillsides and mountain summits. Its preferred sites are generally open but it also occurs in shady places, including deciduous and mixed woodlands. It is also occasionally found on coastal cliffs. 0-930 m (Glyder Fach, Caerns.) and reportedly to 975 m in the Scottish Highlands.
This species is common in suitable habitats, and its distribution appears to be stable. It was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas.
Oceanic Temperate element.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
La flore atlantique européenne. Documents pour les cartes des productions végétales serie Europe-Atlantique, vol. 1,
, Toulouse, (1962)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Sedges of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 1, edn 2,
, London, (1982)