A shortly rhizomatous perennial typically found in meadows and pastures on dry, calcareous or base-rich soils; also occurring in grasslands and heaths on mildly acidic soils, and in well-drained pastures, ledges and flushes in the uplands. 0-765 m (Knock Fell, Westmorland).
C. caryophyllea was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas. It has declined, especially in Devon, the English Midlands and S.E. England, and analysis of the database reveals that most of the losses have occurred since 1950.
Eurosiberian Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1079
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Comparative Plant Ecology,
, London, (1988)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Sedges of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 1, edn 2,
, London, (1982)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1965)