Carpobrotus edulis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAizoaceaeCarpobrotusCarpobrotus edulis


A succulent, mat-forming perennial which may cover sea-cliffs and sand dunes, or hang down rocks and walls. Some colonies were planted to stabilise dunes, while others have arisen from discarded garden material. Reproduction by seed is probably insignificant. Vegetative spread can be assisted by nesting gulls. It is frost-sensitive. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native of S. Africa; widely naturalised in Mediterranean-Atlantic regions of Europe.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 9

Moisture (Ellenberg): 3

Reaction (Ellenberg): 4

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 3

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 5.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 962

Life form information

Height (cm): 25

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Extensively creeping and rooting at nodes

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 79

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 8

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 10

Atlas Change Index: 0.05

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (80d)
de Bolòs O, Vigo J
1990.  Flora dels Països Catalans, II. Crucíferes-Amarantàcies.
Jalas & Suominen (1980)
Preston CD, Sell PD
1989.  The Aizoaceae naturalised in the British Isles. Watsonia. 17:217-245.