Cirsium eriophorum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeCirsiumCirsium eriophorum

Ecology

A robust monocarpic perennial herb occurring in dry, often ungrazed, grasslands, open scrub and woods on limestone, chalk and lime-rich clay. It also grows in disturbed habitats created by quarrying. 0-310 m (Hassop Mines, Derbys.).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element.

© K.J. Walker, BSBI

Broad Habitats

Calcareous grassland (includes lowland and montane types)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16

Annual Precipitation (mm): 745

Life form information

Height (cm): 150

Perennation - primary

Biennial, including monocarpic perennials

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 447

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.08

Weighted Changed Factor: -28

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

30

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004489

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (288b)
Flora dels Països Catalans, III. Pirolàcies-Compostes,
de Bolòs, O., and Vigo J.
, Barcelona, (1995)

Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols,
Meusel, H., and Jäger E. J.
, Jena, (1992)

Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 206. Cirsium eriophorum (L.) Scop,
Tofts, R.
, Journal of Ecology, Volume 87, p.529-542, (1999)