A robust monocarpic perennial herb occurring in dry, often ungrazed, grasslands, open scrub and woods on limestone, chalk and lime-rich clay. It also grows in disturbed habitats created by quarrying. 0-310 m (Hassop Mines, Derbys.).
There has been little overall change in the distribution of C. eriophorum since the 1962 Atlas. It has declined in some areas on the edges of its range, particularly in East Anglia where populations may have been only casual.
European Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 8
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 8
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16
Annual Precipitation (mm): 745
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Flora dels Països Catalans, III. Pirolàcies-Compostes,
, Barcelona, (1995)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1992)
Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 206. Cirsium eriophorum (L.) Scop,
, Journal of Ecology, Volume 87, p.529-542, (1999)