A perennial herb, found in damp or shaded meadows and pastures, hedgerows, roadside verges, copses and woodlands; especially characteristic of some types of northern hay meadow (Rodwell, 1992). It grows on a wide range of acidic and base-rich soils. 0-700 m (Breadalbanes, Mid Perth), and 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).
C. majus has declined locally as its grassland habitats have been improved (Brewis et al., 1996), but its national distribution at a 10-km scale is little changed. It was introduced in Shetland in the 19th century, but its status in Orkney is unclear.
Oceanic Temperate element.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Comparative Plant Ecology,
, London, (1988)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Umbellifers of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 2,
, London, (1980)