This rhizomatous perennial herb has been recorded from a wide variety of habitats, including pasture, arable fields, roadsides, cliff-top grassland, scrub, chalk quarries, gravel-pits, railway ballast, river banks and waste ground. Viable seed is produced in Britain only in warm summers, and large colonies probably result from rhizomatous growth. Lowland.
F. vulgaris was introduced as a garden plant in 1726 and was first recorded from the wild in 1858. Some populations are well-naturalised, but others are only transient. The distribution of naturalised populations appears to be stable.
A Eurosiberian Temperate species, absent as a native from most of W. Europe.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.