Geranium pratense

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaGeraniaceaeGeraniumGeranium pratense

Ecology

A perennial herb of rough grassland on verges, railway banks and streamsides, and in damp hay meadows and lightly grazed pastures, mainly on calcareous soils. Generally lowland, reaching 375 m at Alston (Cumberland), but exceptionally at 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Neutral grassland (includes coarse Arrhenatherum grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 922

Life form information

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1383

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 2

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.15

Weighted Changed Factor: 22

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

17

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003147

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (90d)
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Yeo PF
1985.  Hardy Geraniums.