Gladiolus communis (Eastern Gladiolus)


Summary Information


A cormous perennial of bulb fields, field margins, roadsides and rough ground. It is naturalised only in lowland areas experiencing very mild winters, as the corm is susceptible to winter frost. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native of the Mediterranean region.


Photos Information


Habitats Information

Broad Habitats

Boundary and linear features (eg hedges, roadsides, walls)
Arable and horticultural (includes orchards, excludes domestic gardens)

Light (Ellenberg): 7 Information

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4 Information

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5 Information

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4 Information

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0 Information

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 5.2 Information

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16 Information

Annual Precipitation (mm): 944 Information

Life Form

Life Form Information

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary


Perennation - secondary

Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)

Life Form - secondary



Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Clonality - secondary

Detaching ramets at or below ground


Distribution Information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 152

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12

Conservation Status

Conservation Status Information

Plantatt Conservation Status

Other Accounts

Other Accounts Information


References Information

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections.
A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Lousley JE.  1971.  Flora of the Isles of Scilly.