Gladiolus illyricus

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaIridaceaeGladiolusGladiolus illyricus

Ecology

A cormous perennial of acidic, brown-earth soils, found on grass-heaths, usually in association with Pteridium which may afford the plant some protection from grazing. It reproduces primarily by offsets, as flowering and seed production appear to be limited. Lowland.

Status

Native

World Distribution

Mediterranean-Atlantic element. Our plant may be an endemic subspecies.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 794

Life form information

Height (cm): 50

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 9

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.1

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000459073

External Species Accounts

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (330d) Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols,
Meusel, H., Jäger E., and Weinert E.
, Jena, (1965)
British Red Data Books. 1. Vascular plants, edn 3,
Wigginton, M. J.
, Peterborough, (1999)