Helianthemum apenninum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCistaceaeHelianthemumHelianthemum apenninum


A perennial sub-shrub, found in open, dry rocky limestone grassland (of which it is a conspicuous component where it occurs), generally on S-facing slopes; also limestone crags and cliff edges. It is found on more skeletal soils than H. nummularium, and hybrid plants (H. x sulphureum) may be found in intermediate habitats at sites where both species occur. Lowland.



World Distribution

Mediterranean-montane element.

Broad Habitats

Calcareous grassland (includes lowland and montane types)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 1

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 1


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 5.3

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 873

Life form information

Height (cm): 15

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 4

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.12

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.