A creeping, rhizomatous perennial of well-drained acidic or neutral soils, found in Quercus and Betula woods, open conifer plantations, hedge banks, on heathland, and under Pteridium. It is capable of spreading into damper grassland and is locally a troublesome weed of arable land. H. mollis tolerates occasional mowing or light grazing but is a poor competitor with more vigorous grasses. 0-580 m (Greygarth Fell, W. Lancashire).
There has been no appreciable change in the range of H. mollis since the 1962 Atlas.
European Temperate element.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Comparative Plant Ecology,
, London, (1988)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1965)
Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 54. Holcus mollis L,
, Journal of Ecology, Volume 44, p.272-280, (1956)