A perennial herb of coastal rock crevices and free-draining skeletal soils by the sea. Habitats include cliffs, rocky shores and platforms, spray-drenched shingle, stabilised sand dunes and stone sea-defence walls. The seeds float and retain some viability even after a year in sea water. Lowland.
The distribution of L. scoticum in Scotland is little changed, but there are losses in N. Ireland, some since the 1962 Atlas. Drought sensitivity and the requirement for cold, wet conditions for germination may be important in limiting the southern range of this species in our area.
European Boreo-arctic Montane element; a coastal species also found in E. Asia and N. America.
Light (Ellenberg): 8
Moisture (Ellenberg): 6
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 3
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 13
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1293
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants,
, Dublin, (1988)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 164. Ligusticum scoticum L,
, Journal of Ecology, Volume 76, p.889-902, (1988)
Umbellifers of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 2,
, London, (1980)