An annual found on sandy sea shores, waste places and walls near the sea, and on roadside embankments and beside railways. It is naturalised in some parts of S.W. Britain, but only occurs as a rare casual elsewhere. Lowland.
This species has been cultivated in Britain since at least 1728. It was first recorded in the wild in 1848 at Par (E. Cornwall) and Hayle (W. Cornwall), where it was formerly considered to be native. There are no published records of it at Hayle after 1909, and it was last seen at Par in 1987. It is now a rare casual.
Native of S.W. Europe, extending east to N. Italy.
Atlas Change Index: 0.13
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Flora dels Països Catalans, III. Pirolàcies-Compostes,
, Barcelona, (1995)
Rare Plant Survey of South-West England. Vol. 3. Cornwall. CSD Report, no. 1060,
, Peterborough, (1990)
Flora of Cornwall,
, Camborne, (1999)