Lithospermum arvense

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaBoraginaceaeLithospermumLithospermum arvense

Ecology

An annual of arable fields, occasionally found on waste ground and in other disturbed habitats, favouring light, dry, calcareous soils. Seed is short-lived and populations depend upon regular disturbance for survival. Lowland.

Status

Archaeophyte

World Distribution

As an archaeophyte L. arvense has a Eurosiberian Southern-temperate distribution; it is widely naturalised outside this range.

© K.J. Walker, BSBI

Broad Habitats

Arable and horticultural (includes orchards, excludes domestic gardens)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 755

Life form information

Height (cm): 50

Perennation - primary

Annual

Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 614

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 10

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 2

Atlas Change Index: -1.91

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004017

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (216b)
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Svensson R, Wigren M
1986.  Sminkrotens historia och biologi i Sverige. (History and biology of Lithospermum arvense in Sweden). Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift. 80:107-131.