An evergreen shrub which spreads rapidly by stolons and can become well established in hedgerows, road verges and woodland. Lowland.
M. aquifolium was introduced in 1823. It is commonly cultivated, and frequently planted in some areas for game-cover. It was known from the wild by 1874. It has increased since the 1962 Atlas, probably due to widespread planting and escapes from gardens.
Native of western N. America; widely naturalised in W. &. C. Europe.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.