An annual to perennial herb of acidic or neutral, seasonally or permanently wet places, including springs and flushes, where it often grows in bryophyte-rich communities, the sides of lakes, rivers and streams, damp tracks and paths and winter-moist sand or gravel. 0-945 m (Mt Brandon, S. Kerry), with unlocalised records from 970 m in the Scottish Highlands.
The species was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas. There has probably been some loss in lowland England since then. The four subspecies in our area were mapped by Perring & Sell (1968) and are mapped separately here.
European Boreo-temperate element; also in C. & E. Asia and N. America.
Height (cm): 20
Perennation - primary
Perennation - secondary
Life Form - primary
Life Form - secondary
Comment on Life Form
Clonality - primary
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Jalas & Suominen (1980)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1965)
Montia fontana L,
, Watsonia, Volume 3, p.1-6, (1953)