Phleum pratense

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPoaceaePhleumPhleum pratense

Ecology

A perennial herb growing in a wide range of grassy habitats, including meadows, pastures, rough grassland, field margins and waysides; also sown in grasslands and as a casual from wool shoddy, bird-seed and other sources. P. pratense sens. str. tends to occur on rather heavier, damper soils than P. bertolonii. 0-445 m (Clun Forest, Salop).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurosiberian Temperate element, but widely naturalised so that distribution is now Circumpolar Temperate.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1023

Life form information

Height (cm): 150

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Tussock-forming graminoid, may slowly spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2294

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 672

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000461024

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Comparative Plant Ecology,
Grime, J. P., Hodgson J. G., and Hunt R.
, London, (1988)

Alien grasses of the British Isles,
Ryves, T. B., Clement E. J., and Foster M. C.
, London, (1996)