Phyteuma spicatum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCampanulaceaePhyteumaPhyteuma spicatum


A long-lived perennial herb of damp, fertile, acid soils on road verges, streamsides and in coppiced woodland. Reproduction is by seed, which is long-lived, but recruitment at some sites is negligible. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.1

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 826

Life form information

Height (cm): 80

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 8

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.73

Distribution information

Plantatt Conservation Status


JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (258b)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
Hultén, E., and Fries M.
, Königstein, (1986)

Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols,
Meusel, H., and Jäger E. J.
, Jena, (1992)

The history and distribution of Phyteuma spicatum L. (Campanulaceae) in Britain,
Wheeler, B. R., and Hutchings M. J.
, Watsonia, Volume 22, p.387-395, (1999)

British Red Data Books. 1. Vascular plants, edn 3,
Wigginton, M. J.
, Peterborough, (1999)