Pinguicula vulgaris (Common Butterwort)
A rosette-forming, insectivorous perennial herb of damp, nutrient-poor habitats, overwintering as a rootless bud. It is found in bogs, in crevices of irrigated rocks and rock ledges, in base-poor as well as base-rich open flushes, and in open bryophyte-dominated communities in fens. 0-970 m (Beinn Heasgarnich, Mid Perth).
Many lowland sites of P. vulgaris were lost before the end of the 19th century due to drainage and agricultural intensification. This loss has continued, with over half the 10-km squares which remained in C. & S. England after 1930 now lost, including many in Norfolk. The distribution elsewhere is stable.
Circumpolar Boreal-montane element, with a disjunct distribution.
Height (cm): 8
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Clonality - secondary
Comment on Clonality
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.