Salix pentandra

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaSalicaceaeSalixSalix pentandra

Ecology

A large shrub or small tree which grows in damp or wet ground, mostly in marshes, fens and wet woods, in winter-flooded dune-slacks and by ponds and streams; sometimes in drier sites such as shaded roadsides. Male plants are widely planted as ornamentals within and outside the native range. 0-410 m (Allendale, S. Northumb.).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Broadleaved, mixed and yew woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1114

Life form information

Height (cm): 700

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte

Woodiness

Woody

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 700

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 305

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.11

Weighted Changed Factor: 12

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

39

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003858

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (187d)
Bean WJ
1980.  Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, edn 8, IV. Ri-Z.
Howitt RCL, Howitt BM
1990.  Willows. A Guide to Some Difficult Plants. :28-40.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
Meikle RD
1984.  Willows and poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 4.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.