A perennial herb, growing in a wide range of moist to moderately free-draining habitats, and favouring mildly acidic soils. It occurs in woodland rides, in heathland and grassland and in mires, and in the uplands on cliff ledges and in ravines. 0-970 m (Carnedd Dafydd, Caerns.).
S. pratensis was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas. A widespread decline in S. and E. England has taken place, and analysis of the database reveals that most losses have occurred since 1950. These losses are largely attributable to the improvement of grassland and heaths.
Eurosiberian Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 7
Reaction (Ellenberg): 5
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.4
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1124
Height (cm): 100
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Clonality - secondary
Comment on Clonality
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 52. Succisa pratensis Moench,
, Journal of Ecology, Volume 43, p.709-718, (1955)
Grime et al
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1992)