Veronica arvensis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaScrophulariaceaeVeronicaVeronica arvensis

Ecology

An annual of cultivated land, open grassland, heaths, sand dunes, gravelled paths and tracks, waste ground, banks, walls and pavements, usually on dry soils. In closed grassland it may be restricted to anthills. Seed remains viable in the soil for several years. Generally lowland, but reaching at least 820 m in the Breadalbanes (Mid Perth) and exceptionally at 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element, but widely naturalised so that distribution is now Circumpolar Southern-temperate.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1077

Life form information

Height (cm): 25

Perennation - primary

Annual

Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2614

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 793

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.48

Weighted Changed Factor: 33

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

24

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004115

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (231a)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.