An evergreen tree of estate woodlands and plantations, less commonly found in towns. It regenerates freely from self-sown seed in mixed woodland on fertile soils, and saplings develop even under a woodland canopy. Lowland.
This species was introduced to Britain in 1603, and was formerly widely planted as a specimen tree and in plantations. It was known from the wild by 1914. It is now little planted because it is more susceptible to rust fungus and woolly aphids than are its congeners A. grandis and A. procera. The gaunt tops of old trees are often noticeable from afar. It is inconsistently recorded.
Native to the mountains of C. & S. Europe.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.