An evergreen tree of plantations and estate woodland, and an ornamental in parks, estates and large gardens. Though mainly grown in fertile soils in sheltered sites, it can thrive on poorer soils and survive in exposed situations. It occasionally regenerates from self-sown seed. Lowland.
This species, introduced to Britain in 1831, is increasingly being grown for forestry, but usually in small blocks. However, it was not recorded from the wild until 1981. The tallest specimen known was a tree at Cairndow (Main Argyll), more than 63 m high, but this tree lost its top in 1990. It is inconsistently recorded.
Native of western N. America; widely planted in N. & C. Europe.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.