An evergreen tree used as an ornamental in parks, estates and large gardens. It is also grown in plantations. It occasionally regenerates by seed. Lowland.
This species was introduced into Britain in 1848. It has become more frequently planted recently as an alternative to Picea abies for Christmas trees because it does not lose its needles indoors so readily. It has not been systematically recorded, and is almost certainly more widespread than indicated by the map.
Native of the Caucasus.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, edn 8, I. A-C,
, London, (1970)
Conifers in the British Isles. A descriptive handbook,
, London, (1972)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1965)