A robust perennial herb, characteristic of roadsides and hedgerows, but also occurring in abandoned pastures and under-managed hay meadows, in woodland rides and edges, on railway banks, and on waste and cultivated ground. Very wet or dry habitats are avoided. Seedlings are sometimes plentiful but extension of colonies also occurs by offsets from the main stems. 0-760 m (Mt Brandon, S. Kerry) and 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).
There has been no change in the distribution of A. sylvestris at the 10-km square scale since the 1962 Atlas, but it may have become more frequent on roadsides because of changes in management (e.g. Killick et al., 1998).
Eurasian Boreo-temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 6
Moisture (Ellenberg): 5
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1039
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1978. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
1980. Umbellifers of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 2.