Berula erecta

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaUmbelliferaeBerulaBerula erecta


This stoloniferous perennial occurs as a submerged aquatic in rivers and streams, and as an emergent species at the edges of lakes, ponds, rivers, ditches and canals, and in marshes. It is also found on seasonally-flooded wet ground, and usually roots into fine silt or mud. Vegetative spread is by short-lived stolons or rhizomes, but little is known of the frequency of reproduction by seed. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Temperate element; also in C. Asia and N. America.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Fen, marsh and swamp (not wooded)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 10

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 843

Life form information

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Perennial hydrophyte (perennial water plant)

Comment on Life Form

Presumably dies back to base in winter



Clonality - primary

Irregularly fragmenting (mainly water plants)

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1111

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 265

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 1

Atlas Change Index: -0.02

Weighted Changed Factor: 16

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.