An evergreen perennial herb naturalised in rough grassland and on woodland edges, roadsides and waste ground. It spreads by short, thick rhizomes, but is apparently self-incompatible and rarely sets seed. Generally lowland, but reaching 430 m W. of Nenthead (Cumberland).
This species has been cultivated in British gardens since 1658. Its vigour means it is often thrown out with garden rubbish. It was recorded in the wild in 1853 (Angus), and is much more frequent now than shown in the 1962 Atlas.
Native of S.E. & E.C. Europe and W. Asia, east to Iran and the Caucasus; the western L. punctata and the eastern L. verticillaris do not appear to be specifically distinct.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1996. Flora Britannica.
1999. Lysimachia punctata L. and L. verticillaris Sprengel (Primulaceae) naturalised in the British Isles. Watsonia. 22:279-281.
1983. Floral biology and floral rewards of Lysimachia (Primulaceae). American Midland Naturalist. 110:249-256.