A perennial herb of dry, open, often heavily trampled, habitats on acidic to basic stony or sandy soils, and rock crevices. It occurs in open grassland, on heaths, sand dunes and shingle, sea-cliffs and sea-walls, waste ground and by paths. Always known inland in S. and E. England, plants increasingly occur beside salt-treated roads. 0-340 m (Chagford, S. Devon).
Unlike many halophytes, there has been no major change in the distribution of this species since the 1962 Atlas, although many sites in the Midlands have been lost since 1950 as heathland has been improved.
Eurosiberian Southern-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.
Height (cm): 6
Perennation - primary
Perennation - secondary
Life Form - primary
Comment on Life Form
Clonality - primary
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 38. Plantago coronopus L,
, Journal of Ecology, Volume 41, p.467-478, (1953)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1978)