Sanguisorba officinalis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaeSanguisorbaSanguisorba officinalis


A perennial herb of neutral grassland, occurring on alluvial or peaty soils in damp or dry, unimproved pastures, hay meadows and marshy meadows, on river banks and lake shores and in base-enriched flushes on grassy heaths. 0-460 m near Cauldron Snout, Teesdale (Westmorland).



World Distribution

Circumpolar Boreo-temperate element, but absent as a native from eastern N. America; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Neutral grassland (includes coarse Arrhenatherum grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 938

Life form information

Height (cm): 120

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 946

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 12

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.23

Weighted Changed Factor: -11

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references