Alien flora of Europe: Species diversity, temporal trends, geographical patterns and research needs

TitleAlien flora of Europe: Species diversity, temporal trends, geographical patterns and research needs
Publication TypeWeb Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsLambdon, PW, Pyšek, P, Basnou, C, Hejda, M, Arianoutsou, M, Essl, F, Jarošík, V, Pergl, J, Winter, M, Anastasiu, P, Andriopoulos, P, Bazos, I, Brundu, G, Celesti-Grapow, L, Chassot, P, Vilà, M
Last Update Date2008
Type of Mediumículo

The paper provides the first estimate of the composition and structure of alien plants occurring in the wild in the European continent, based on the results of the DAISIE project (2004-2008), funded by the 6th Framework Programme of the European Union and aimed at >creating an inventory of invasive species that threaten European terrestrial, freshwater and marine environments>. The plant section of the DAISIE database is based on national checklists from 48 European countries/ regions and Israel; for many of them the data were compiled during the project and for some countries DAISIE collected the first comprehensive checklists of alien species, based on primary data (e.g., Cyprus, Greece, F. Y. R. O. Macedonia, Slovenia, Ukraine). In total, the database contains records of 5789 alien plant species in Europe (including those native to a part of Europe but alien to another part), of which 2843 are alien to Europe (of extra-European origin). The research focus was on naturalized species; there are in total 3749 naturalized aliens in Europe, of which 1780 are alien to Europe. This represents a marked increase compared to 1568 alien species reported by a previous analysis of data in Flora Europaea (1964-1980). Casual aliens were marginally considered and are represented by 1507 species with European origins and 872 species whose native range falls outside Europe. The highest diversity of alien species is concentrated in industrialized countries with a tradition of good botanical recording or intensive recent research. The highest number of all alien species, regardless of status, is reported from Belgium (1969), the United Kingdom (1779) and Czech Republic (1378). The United Kingdom (857), Germany (450), Belgium (447) and Italy (440) are countries with the most naturalized neophytes.

Short TitleAlien flora of Europe