Serapias parviflora

Tracheophyta SerapiasSerapias parviflora


A small, tuberous perennial herb found growing in rabbit grazed grassland in Ulex europaeus and Rubus fruticosus agg. scrub on S.-facing coastal cliffs. Lowland.



World Distribution

Mediterranean-Atlantic element.

Broad Habitats

Neutral grassland (includes coarse Arrhenatherum grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1048

Life form information

Height (cm): 30

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

French CN, Murphy RJ, Atkinson MGC
1999.  Flora of Cornwall.
Murphy RJ
1994.  Progress report. Botanical Cornwall. 6:1-7.