Atriplex littoralis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaChenopodiaceaeAtriplexAtriplex littoralis


An erect annual of open, usually sandy or silty places near the sea, often forming dense stands along saltmarsh drift-lines, estuarine banks and sea-walls, and on waste ground around docks. It also grows in saline areas inland, and as a colonist by salt-treated roads. Lowland.



World Distribution

Circumpolar Temperate element, with a disjunct distribution.

Broad Habitats

Supralittoral sediment (strandlines, shingle, coastal dunes)

Light (Ellenberg): 9

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 4

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 822

Life form information

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 362

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 36

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3

Atlas Change Index: 1.59

Weighted Changed Factor: 71

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (84a)
Bungard SJ, Leach S
1991.  Atriplex littoralis by the way. BSBI News. 59:11-12.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1980)
Leach SJ
1999.  Atriplex littoralis on inland roadsides. BSBI News. 81:36-37.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Taschereau (1985a)