Datura stramonium

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaSolanaceaeDaturaDatura stramonium


An annual of waste ground, rubbish tips, cultivated and disturbed ground. Most populations are casual, but the species can become naturalised, or reappear after long periods from dormant seeds. It most frequently arises as a garden escape or from bird-seed, but also from oil-seed and grain. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native range unknown, possibly America or the Black Sea region; now widespread in temperate and sub-tropical regions.

© G. Toone, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Built-up areas and gardens

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 8


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 1

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.9

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 796

Life form information

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 801

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 7

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 11

Atlas Change Index: -0.71

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (220b)
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Mabey R
1996.  Flora Britannica.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Weaver SE, Warwick SI
1984.  The biology of Canadian weeds. 64. Datura stramonium L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 64:979-991.