Gladiolus communis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaIridaceaeGladiolusGladiolus communis


A cormous perennial of bulb fields, field margins, roadsides and rough ground. It is naturalised only in lowland areas experiencing very mild winters, as the corm is susceptible to winter frost. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native of the Mediterranean region.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 5.2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16

Annual Precipitation (mm): 944

Life form information

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)



Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Clonality - secondary

Detaching ramets at or below ground

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 152

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Lousley JE
1971.  Flora of the Isles of Scilly.