Leontodon autumnalis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeLeontodonLeontodon autumnalis


A perennial herb of meadows and pastures, open scrub, heaths, moorland, saltmarshes, fixed dunes and roadsides in the lowlands, and also of screes, flushes and lake margins in the uplands. 0-975 m (Macgillycuddy`s Reeks, S. Kerry).



World Distribution

European Boreo-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Neutral grassland (includes coarse Arrhenatherum grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 1

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1103

Life form information

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2771

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 942

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 13

Atlas Change Index: 1.33

Weighted Changed Factor: 32

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (294c)
Allen DE
1957.  Leontodon autumnalis var. salinus (Aspegren) Lange. Proceedings of the Botanical Society of the British Isles. 2:240-241.
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger EJ
1992.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.