Matricaria discoidea

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeMatricariaMatricaria discoidea

Ecology

This annual of disturbed, usually fertile ground is found on roadsides, waste ground, tracks and in field gateways, and in arable crops. Generally lowland, but reaching 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).

Status

Neophyte

World Distribution

Probably native of N. & S. Asia and perhaps adjacent parts of N. America; in the 19th and 20th centuries it spread to boreal and temperate zones throughout the N. hemisphere.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1086

Life form information

Height (cm): 35

Perennation - primary

Annual

Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2677

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 945

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -0.49

Weighted Changed Factor: -19

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

19

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004462

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (284b)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger EJ
1992.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.
Salisbury EJ
1964.  Weeds & Aliens, edn 2.