A dioecious rhizomatous perennial herb found established in woods and waste places, on waysides and shady riversides, occasionally forming large stands. The male plant is much more common than the female in our area. Lowland.
P. albus was introduced to Britain by 1683, and naturalised by at least 1843 (W. Yorks.). It shows little overall change in distribution since the 1962 Atlas.
Native of the mountains of Europe and S.W. Asia.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1992)