A variable shrub growing in a range of habitats. The prostrate var. argentea and var. repens are typically found on fixed dunes and especially dune-slacks, in maritime heaths and heathy grassland and on inland heaths and moorland. The erect var. fusca is found in fens. The species becomes more confined to moist or wet habitats in the south and east of its range. 0-855 m (Atholl, E. Perth).
The species has declined, especially inland in England, but since it was mapped in the 1962 Atlas as `all records` it is difficult to know when these losses occurred.
Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, edn 8, IV. Ri-Z,
, London, (1980)
Genetic components of morphological variation in Salix repens,
, New Phytologist, Volume 95, p.121-131, (1983)
, A Guide to Some Difficult Plants, London, p.28-40, (1990)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
Willows and poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 4,
, London, (1984)