Scabiosa columbaria

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaDipsacaceaeScabiosaScabiosa columbaria

Ecology

A perennial herb, usually found on dry, relatively infertile soils. Habitats include calcareous pastures on downs, hill-slopes and banks, and it is occasionally found on cliffs and rock outcrops and in disused chalk and limestone quarries. Generally lowland, reaching 640 m on Cross Fell (Cumberland).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Calcareous grassland (includes lowland and montane types)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 3

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 831

Life form information

Height (cm): 70

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 804

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.71

Weighted Changed Factor: -25

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

20

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004350

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (269c)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger EJ
1992.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.