Solanum dulcamara

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaSolanaceaeSolanumSolanum dulcamara


A scrambling, woody perennial growing in woodland, thickets, hedgerows, ditches, and, as var. marinum, on shingle beaches. It often grows in moist habitats and is common in swamps and tall-herb fens, and beside rivers and lakes, where it can even grow in shallow water. Lowland.



World Distribution

Eurasian Southern-temperate element, but naturalised in N. America so distribution is now Circumpolar Southern-temperate.

© M. Cotterill, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 945

Life form information

Height (cm): 225

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Life Form - secondary


Comment on Life Form

"normally too big to count as a chamaephyte, but prostrate forms are known"



Clonality - primary

Extensively creeping and rooting at nodes

Comment on Clonality

clones formed by rooting stems (CPE and personal observation); Clopla1 suggests root-budding;

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1918

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 533

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -0.11

Weighted Changed Factor: -11

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (219d)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.