Stachys officinalis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaLamiaceaeStachysStachys officinalis

Ecology

A perennial herb of hedge banks, grassland, heaths, open woods and woodland rides and margins. It is occasionally found in cliff-top grassland, sometimes as the genetically dwarf var. nana. It favours mildly acidic soils, but is also found on those that are neutral or somewhat calcareous. 0-460 m (Teesdale, Westmorland).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element; also in C. Asia.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 940

Life form information

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1571

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 38

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4

Atlas Change Index: -0.62

Weighted Changed Factor: -19

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

14

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000463975

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (246d)
Curtis TGF, McGough HN
1988.  The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants.
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Rackham O
1980.  Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England.