Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
A little-branched annual to biennial herb, found as a casual on rubbish tips and waste ground and as a relic of cultivation. Lowland.
This taxon was being cultivated in Britain by 1548 and was known from the wild by at least 1905. Many forms are grown as root vegetables, including Beetroot, Sugar Beet, Fodder Beet and Mangel-wurzel. Recording of the casual occurrences of these crops has been uneven, and the map almost certainly underestimates their distribution.
This subspecies comprises a range of variants which presumably arose by selection in cultivation.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.