Abies alba

Tracheophyta PinopsidaPinaceaeAbiesAbies alba


An evergreen tree of estate woodlands and plantations, less commonly found in towns. It regenerates freely from self-sown seed in mixed woodland on fertile soils, and saplings develop even under a woodland canopy. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native to the mountains of C. & S. Europe.

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Jalas & Suominen (1973)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Mitchell AF
1972.  Conifers in the British Isles. A descriptive handbook.